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Writing and Citing

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Essay Structure

The structure of an essay is its basic make up.  Think of it as an essay's skeleton. There are four basic parts to almost any essay: introduction, thesis statement, body paragraphs and conclusion (click each link below for more information).






Thesis Statements

Body Paragraphs


Types of Essays

Type of Essay Description Resources
Argument An argument essay uses evidence to persuade readers to take your side of an argument. 

How to construct an argument essay

Description A description essay utilizes the readers' fives senses - sight, sound, taste, smell and touch - to create an image How to compose a descriptive essay
Narrative A narrative essay tells a story to allow readers insight into a particular topic

How to construct the narrative essay

Literary Research Paper A literary research paper analyzes a work of literature while using supporting evidence from outside resources to build the argument How to write a literary research paper
SWOT A SWOT essay is a tool for auditing an organization and focusing on factors such as strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. How to construct a SWOT essay


Category                APA MLA

Double Spacing on title page and body text   

Double spacing on header and body test
Fonts and Margins    12-pt font, 1" margins 12-pt font, 1" margins
In-Text Citations Include author's last name, year and page number    Include author's last name and page number
Title Page    Required Not Required
Running head Required Not Required
Used for Social Sciences Humanities
Sources    Listed alphabetically on the Reference Page    Listed alphabetically on the Works Cited Page